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A well-composed abstract is key to your effective dissemination of one’s research. Many articles are merely ever read in abstract form. Anonymous peer-reviewers of your scholarship shall read the abstract first. The African Studies Review (ASR) provides abstracts in English, French, and Portuguese, so that you can reach the widest possible audience that is global. You’ll want to provide one version that is 100-word at least one language.
The abstract is not the paragraph that is first of article. An abstract is a complete version or form of your article. It is the article that is entire, within the major points, content and scope of the argument, the theoretical framework or scholarly point of departure, as well as the methodology, and style of evidentiary basis. It should be able to stand alone.
The abstract can be described as the “elevator pitch” for a publication that is possible imagine you’re stuck within the elevator in the ASA Annual Meeting with one of the editors regarding the ASR. You need to provide a synopsis that hits the high points in about one minute and convinces the editor that it’s worthy of further consideration. It must very concisely summarize this issue, how it fits to the broader literature, the contribution, the study strategy, the key findings, and the broader implications.
All articles that are ASR available via multiple digital platforms, so your abstract should be searchable online.
We suggest you engage the follow two prevailing approaches to optimize your abstracts for search engines. This will greatly increase the chance it will viewed widely and shared.
First, construct a descriptive title for your article. In search engine terms, the title of each and every article abstract is essential. The search engine assumes that the title contains the expressed words most relevant to the content. This is why it is essential to choose a descriptive, unambiguous, and accurate title. By constructing a title to include those terms while it may be tempting to use a quote from an informant or sources, think about how search terms draw in a potential reader who may be looking for your article or your subject area, community, or country of study, and help them. Understand that people look for keywords and phrases, not words that are just single.
Second, reiterate title that is key within the abstract.
you need to reiterate the keywords and phrases in this article title inside the abstract itself. The number of times that certain words and phrases appear on a webpage has a significant impact in how they are ranked in searches although search engines use proprietary algorithms.
- Draft the abstract once you have finished the article
- Construct an easy, descriptive and accurate title, containing all the important key terms and phrases that relate solely to this issue, theme, or argument
- Repeat key phrases and incorporate them smoothly – understand that the primary audience is a potential reader and never a search engine
- Use synonyms or related phrases that are key
- Provide a clear and concise summary of the content associated with chapter
- Describe your methodology and/or data
- Write when you look at the third-person present tense
- Review and revise the abstract before you send your article for review
- Revise the abstract every time you revise your article
Things you ought not to do:
- Write the BEFORE that is abstract article
- Construct an ambiguous and elaborate title
- Provide facts that are general make sure to concentrate on the core discussions/findings
- Write when you look at the person that is first
- Forget to proof-read for typos
- Review the literature that is entire
- Write within the past or future tense
- Employ abbreviations that are undefined acronyms
- Include citations or references
- Use overly technical language
- Use speculative phraseology
Exemplory instance of a abstract that is strong
“States at War: Confronting Conflict in Africa”
In the early 1990s, democratization dominated discourse on African politics. However fraught with contradictions, processes of political liberalization held out hope for more responsive, accountable government—and some African countries achieved impressive gains. However in many components of the continent the outlook at the start of the twenty-first century is decidedly more somber. A rise in violence and war has already established consequences that are devastating people and their communities. Newbury examines several methods to confronting these conflicts and highlights three lessons that emerge. In some situations, international involvement is essential to finish a war, and carrying this out successfully requires enormous resources. But external assistance cannot follow an individual template; it must be adapted to different local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. Newbury argues that greater support is required for efforts to ease the problems that spawn wars and violence.
Example of a weak abstract:
“Conflict and Chaos: Understanding War, Rethinking Violence”
This informative article argues that during the early 1990s democratization dominated african discourse that is political. I explore the processes of political liberalization and exactly how they were fraught with contradictions, even though they held out hope for more responsive, accountable government. I identify some African countries that achieved gains that are impressive. Nonetheless it happens to be argued by other scholars (Schmidt 2007; Jones 2005; Asante 1996) that the outlook at the beginning of the twenty-first century will be decidedly more somber. An increase in violence and war has had overdetermining ramifications broadly. I shall examine approaches that are several confronting these conflicts and I will highlight three lessons that emerge. In some situations, international involvement can be necessary to end a war, and carrying this out successfully may need enormous resources. But external assistance cannot follow an individual template; it must be adapted to different local dynamics and coordinated with efforts of peace-builders within. The author cites data that are various argue that greater support is needed for efforts to alleviate the conditions that spawn wars and violence.